Teacher giving inclass tasks that encourage students to discuss and present ideas (25)
Teacher asking students questions in class (22)
Teacher taking active steps to find out students' difficulties in understanding, and providing chances for them to ask questions (19)
Teacher able to get students to participate, e.g., by inviting them by names to answer questions (12)
Teacher encouraging students to express their views in class (9)
Teacher able to stimulate students to think (9)
Teacher using active learning methods that motivate students to participate (6)
Other students appeared to be attentive and actively involved in class (6)
Teacher having an open and friendly manner, and receptive to students' questions /answers (5)
Teacher encouraging students to attend the lecture/tutorial sessions (5)
Teacher giving 'breaks' for students to think and ask questions (3)
Useful discussion and feedback in class, learn something useful (3)
Teacher encouraging students to get help from him/her after class (2)
Students feeling of being motivated to learn more after class (2)

Teacher just talking, seldom asking students to discuss or express views (23)
Teacher asking questions but students were not interested /motivated to participate (15)
Discussions or tasks not useful /with no teacher feedback (9)
Difficult to achieve in mass lecture situations (7)
Teacher showing negative reactions to students' questions, e.g. showing impatience, mock at students' mistakes, etc. (6)
Teacher just asking students casually to ask questions if they have any problems (3)
Poor social relationship and atmosphere in class (3)
Teacher not caring if students are attentive /involved in class (3)
Teacher seeming not enthusiastic or able to help when students have questions (2)
Teacher 'forcing' students to participate by giving marks for participation or answering inclass questions (2)
